(Maremma) (Pastore) (Abruzzese) (Cane da Pastore) (Maremmano-Abruzzese) (Cane Da Pastore Maremmano Abruzzese) (Abruzzese Shepherd Dog)The Maremma Sheepdog is a massive breed, with a bear-like head carried with a regal air. The ears are V-shaped, set well back on the head, and hang down to the level of the eye. The eyes are dark and medium sized, with an intelligent expression. The jaws are powerful and close with a scissors bite. The nose is black, although it can go pink-brown with age. The powerful chest extends down to the elbow. The hair is thick, long and harsh with a slight wave over a dense undercoat. The coat is white, with markings of ivory, light yellow, or pale orange.
(English Toy Terrier, Toy Manchester Terrier) The Manchester Terrier, which resembles a Doberman Pinscher (but is not related) is divided into two varieties, the Toy and the Standard in North America. (In England, these are considered two separate breeds.). It is a small, compact breed with smooth coat. The head is long and tapering head. The ears for the Standard are V-shaped, and are accepted if they naturally folded over, pricked up, or cropped. The ears of the Toy must be naturally erect. The almond shaped eyes are small and dark, the nose is black, the teeth form a scissors bite. The back, or “topline” has a slight arch, reflecting the breed’s descent from the Whippet. The tail is short and tapers to a point. The single coat is black and tan.
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The Manchester Terrier is also called the Black and Tan Terrier. The Manchesters’ coat is often more black than tan, as shown on the picture above. Its’ ears are unique to many dogs.
The Malti Poo is a cross breed between the Maltese and the Poodle. This breed, which is sometimes referred to as a designer breed of dog is not a breed that is recognized by the AKC because it is not a purebred. Even when both parents are purebred it is not possible to register this dog. There are some hybrid organizations that are now recognizing crossbreeds.
The Malti Poo may have a coat that is long and straight or it may be somewhat wavy or even curly. Colors for the Malti Poo may be gray, cream, white, red, black or apricot. The exact coloring as well as the type of coat that is achieved in a Malti Poo will largely depend upon its heritage. Some Malti Poos tend to take more after the poodle side while others more strongly resemble the Maltese side. The size of the dog will also vary as well. One of the largest factors that can play a role in the size of the dog will depend upon whether one of the parents was a standard poodle or a miniature poodle. Miniature poodles will produce Malti Poos that are smaller while standard poodles will produce larger Malti Poos. A Malti Poo may be either a first generation or a second generation. First generation Malti Poos come from two purebred parents while second generation dogs are produced by breeding two Malti Poos.
The Maltese is a toy dog with a compact build and an overall appearance that denotes vigor, eagerness, and affection. The height from the dog’s withers to the ground is equal to the length from the dog’s withers to the tail. They have sloped shoulder blades and well-knit elbows that are held close to the body. Their chest is comparatively deep and their loins are sturdy, taut, and feature a slight tuck-up underneath. The neck of the Maltese is long enough to enable a high head carriage. The breed’s back is level and the ribs are well-sprung. Their limbs are finely boned. Forelegs of this breed are straight, with their pastern joints devoid of any substantial bend. Their strong hind legs are sturdy and moderately angulated at the hocks and stifles. They have small, round feet with black toe pads and a plumed tail that is carried elegantly over the dog’s back. The Maltese’s head is of medium length and well in proportion to the dog’s size. They have a slightly rounded skull with a moderately defined stop. Their eyes are round and dark and their medium-length muzzle is fine and tapered. They have a black nose and teeth that meet in an even or scissors bite. Ears of this breed are low-set and heavily feathered. The coat of the Maltese is long, flat, and silky. It hangs over the sides of the body, and it reaches almost to the ground. The coat color for this breed is pure white. Lemon or light tan shading on the dog’s ears may be present.
(Norwegian Lundehund) (Norwegian Puffin Dog) (Norsk Lundehund)The Norwegian Lundehund is an unusual breed. It has six toes on each foot, four in the front and two in the back, all of them jointed and muscled. It has a great range of motion in its forelegs, much like human elbows, allowing it to contort them to fit into small spaces. It has joints in the neck which allows 180-degree rotation (the head can lay back against the spine). The ears are pricked and can be folded either forward or backward. The head is small and wedge-shaped, the brown eyes are deep-set. The legs are strong, the hindquarters well muscled for agility rather than speed. The tail can be either pendant or carried slightly rolled over the back. Doublecoated, the topcoat lies flat against the body. Colors vary from reddish-brown to black, all with white markings, and or white with dark markings.
(The Little Lion Dog) (Petit chien lion)The Löwchen, or Little Lion, resembles a Bichon Frise, with a short, round head, round eyes, and a black nose. The ears are feathered, and pendant. The body is short but well-proportioned, the tail is medium length and carried high. The hair is long, straight and wavy. The most popular colors are white, black and lemon, although specked dogs are also accepted in the show ring. For show dogs, the hindquarters are shaved to emphasize the lion-like nature of the front quarters and head.
(Catahoula Leopard Dog) (Catahoula Hog Dog) (Catahoula Cur)The Louisiana Catahoula was bred for work rather than show, so the appearance of the breed can vary. It has a short and tight, single coat, with a merle (mottled) or black and tan pattern. The skull is broad and flat, framed by pendant ears that hang down just below the eye. Their eyes are their main feature, and have been termed “haunting” or “glass eyes” because of their light-blue color, or half‑blue, half‑brown “cracked” eyes, although all‑brown is also an acceptable eye color. The breed has a deep chest and strong, solid legs. Some Catahoulas have a short tail.
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The Catahoula Leopard Dog at the top of this page is from the Mr. T.A. McMellin Catahoula line.
Llewellin Setters are believed to be a pure descendent of the English Setter dog. The first Llewellin Settelrs were primarily Blue Beltons, which was a common color among English Setters at one time. These pups are frequently born pure white and only develop their ticking at a later time. The ticking frequently covers the dog’s body. The fact that the dog has such silky white hair makes the black ticking appear to be almost blue, hence the Blue Belton coloring name. While this is a common color for the Llewellin Setter, the breed also appears in a variety of other colors and patterns. Chestnut is another common color for the breed as well. There are also tri-color Llewellin Setters as well as quad-colored dogs. Due to the fact that the breed does not develop ticking until later, it is usually impossible to determine exactly how much ticking a dog will have until it has reached at least three months of age. Due to the fact that this is a hunting dog, Llewellin Setters tend to have a tail carriage in which the tail is carried high over the dog’s back. While there are some dogs that have a low tail carriage, the high tail carriage is frequently preferred among most owners. Llewellin Setters have a medium coat that is quite silky. This breed of dog tends to have feathering on the backs of the legs, chest and ears. There is frequently feathering on the tail as well. In most cases, the coat is flat, although there are some dogs that are known to have wavy coasts. Their coats tend to serve as a good insulator against cold weather. They also do quite well in the heat as well.
The Lithuanian Hound is not well known outside of Lithuania. It is a sturdy breed, less-heavily boned than other hounds, with a sleekly muscular body. The coat is a short, glossy black with limited tan markings. The long tail is held low. The head is medium sized and broad between the ears, which are of moderate length and hang close to the cheeks. The muzzle is medium-sized, the nose color varies according to the color of the coat. The teeth close in a scissors or level bite. The neck is strong and long, with no dewlap, the chest is long and broad, the legs are perpendicular to the ground.
The Lhasa Apso is a small breed, with a long, heavy, double coat, which in show dogs cascaded over the eyes and is draped over the entire body to the floor. They resemble a small version of the Old English Sheepdog. The Lhasa comes in a variety of colors, from gold, cream, and honey to smoke, dark‑grizzle and slate. Some Lhasas are multicolored, black or brown and white. The coat is straight, hard and heavy, and not silky. The Lhasa has small, dark eyes, deep-set rather than protruding, framed by heavy, feathered ears that extend past the chin and frame the round face and a medium-length muzzle. Show dogs will have a dark beard and mustache. The neck will have an abundant “scarf” of hair, the tail is feathered and curled over the back in a “screw.”
The Leonberger is a very large breed, proud and majestic in appearance, with a characteristic black mask. The females will be slightly smaller. The skull is domed. The medium-sized, pendant ears flank kind and gentle brown eyes. The face will have a black mask, which should not extend above the eyebrows in show dogs, and the nose and lips are black. The teeth meet in a scissors bite. Unlike most large breeds, the Leonberger has a dry mouth, and therefore doesn’t drool. The powerful neck will have no dewlap. The coat is long and rough-looking, with colors that vary from tawny to reddish-brown. Black-tipped hair on the outer coat is acceptable in show dogs, as is a small white star on the chest, or white on the tips of the paws. Males have a larger mane than the females, and can take up to four years to develop. Both the front and rear legs are feathered, and the rear dewclaws should be removed. The tail is set low, and long, reaching at least to the hocks, and bushy. The feet of the Leonberger have black pads, and webbing between the toes which helps in swimming. The coat is water-proof.
The rare Larson Lakeview Bulldogge looks like many Bulldogs, however, they are larger. A large round head starts this breed and leads to their extremely short but broad muzzle. The muzzle has the cute scrunched up look distinctive to Bulldogs. Medium sized ears hang close to their head in a pendant shape. A short thick neck leads to their large and powerful body. Short chubby legs end with small feet. Short sleek fur covers their large body. Only one coat color appears which is white and brindle.
(Grosser Münsterländer Vorstehhund) (Large Munsterlander)The Large Münsterländer is a large breed, with a distinctive mottled black and white coat. Brown Münsterländers exist, but are not common, and all black Münsterländer are never bred. The head is broad and slightly rounded, the broad, round-tipped ears hang close to the head, the teeth close in a scissors bite. The heavily-lidded eyes are dark, the muzzle long. The coat is fine, the hair long and dense, with feathering on the ears, front and hind legs, and tail. The hair on the backside of the upper feet are trimmed, so that the the 90 degree angle can be seen. The Münsterländer has strong feet with lots of hair between the black‑nailed toes. The tail is carried horizontally. It is usually left as is, although sometimes a short bit of the tip is removed. This is a working dog breed, not a show breed.
(Landseer Newfoundland) The Landseer Newfoundland is a large dog, there’s no two ways about it. It is tall and powerful, but well proportioned. The ears are medium-sized, triangular and pendant. The eyes, small for the size of the dog, are dark brown. The muzzle is wide, short and blunt, the nose black. The feet are webbed to aid swimming. The tail is long and feathery and hangs down past the hocks. The coat is flat, oily and wavy so that it repels water, the under coat is thick and oily. The hair on the head is cut short, the rest of the coat is long and straight, although a slightly wavy coat on the back and hindquarters is not objectionable in show dogs. Clear white is the coat’s main color, with distinct black patches on the body. The head is black, with a white muzzle, and a symmetrical white blaze.
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True Landseers are at least 65% white based on standards set forth by the AKC. Their markings are to include a black saddle and black on the rump which leads into the tail. Spots on the chest and legs are called ticking. Some ticking is expected. A white chest and legs are the ideal. Landseer Newfoundlands are generally a bit longer than the Black Newfoundlands.
(Ormskirk Heeler) The Lancashire Heeler is only about a foot high, and set low to the ground – the legs are short in relationship to the rest of the body. The legs are sturdy, however, with the paws turned slightly outwards. The head is always in proportion with the body. The eyes are set wide apart. The ears are prick – if they do droop that dog should not be bred. The tail is set high, and is curled forward over the back. The coat, black and tan (and sometimes liver and tan) varies according to season – in the winter a mane grows and the coat is plush, in the summer it becomes sleek and shiny.
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The ears should complete erect or slightly tipped. A complete drop ears is highly undesirable. The legs are to be straight or turned out slightly. There are two separate colors, liver and tan, and black and tan. The coat should not change color according to season. The tail is to be set high and carried over the back, it must not form a complete ring.
The Lakeland Terrier is similar to the Welsh Terrier, being a solid, squarely built breed, but a bit smaller. The head is elongated, and for show dogs the bushy hair is left to fall over the forehead, covering the eyes. It also has a pronounced beard. The V‑shaped ears are set high, and fold over. The eyes are brown or hazel, the nose dark brown or black. The powerful bite should be even – if overshot or undershot it will be disqualified for the show ring. The tail is docked, and carried high. The Lakeland has a double or “two-ply” coat – the hard, wiry outer coat protects it from brambles. The coat comes in many varieties of black, black and tan, reddish, red grizzle, wheat, liver and blue, grizzle, and grizzle and tan. A darker color across the back, called a saddle, may or may not be present. The legs are groomed so that they appear cylindrical, so that it looks as if the Terrier is standing on its toes. Dewclaws are removed.
The Lagotto is a small-to-medium sized dog, well-muscled and squarely built (as long as it is tall.) It is well-proportioned, but looks as if the head is too big for the body, although this is because the hair on the head and face is left longer than that on the rest of the body. The eyes are round and large, and depending on the color of the coat will vary from dark yellow to dark brown. The teeth should close in a scissors bite. The coat consists of woolly, very dense and curly hair, and can vary in color from off-white to solid white, different shades of brown, and white with brown or rust patches. A brown mask is acceptable for show dogs. The pendant ears are triangular with rounded tips. For show dogs, the front legs must appear straight from all angles. The tail hangs low, and is not docked.
(Lab, Black Labrador Retriever, Yellow Labrador Retriever, Chocolate Labrador Retriever, ) The Labrador Retriever is a strong, medium-sized dog with an athletic, well-balanced appearance. They are a short-coupled breed with a body that is the same or just longer than it is tall. Their back is strong, their topline is level, and their wide, strong loin denotes flexibility. They have a comparatively long neck that is muscular and rises in an arch from the shoulders. Their underbelly is almost straight, with little to no tuck-up being present in adult specimens. Forequarters of this breed are well-muscled, balanced, and sturdy. They have shoulders that are well laid-back and form a 90 degree angle with the upper arm. In addition to enhancing mobility of the dog’s forelegs, this angle allows the dog to achieve a strong forward reach. When perceived from the front, the Labrador Retriever’s front legs are straight and well-boned. Elbows of this breed are located directly under the withers. Their compact feet are strong and feature a set of well-arched toes and well-developed pads. They have sturdy, well let-down hock joints that do not slip or hyper-extend when the dog is standing. The angulations of the stifle and hock joints are designed to achieve ideal balance, drive, and traction. The tail of the Labrador Retriever is thick at its base, and it gradually tapers toward its tip. It is of medium length and it extends no longer than to the hock. The tail’s peculiar and distinctive appearance is often referred to as the “otter” tail. The skull of the Labrador Retriever is wide and well-developed. They have a slightly pronounced brow that prevents the skull from being in a straight line with the nose. Their wedge-shaped head is clean-cut and the skull’s bony structure is well-chiseled beneath the eyes. They have a well-proportioned muzzle and a wide nose with well-developed nostrils. Teeth of this breed are strong and close in a scissors bite, and eyes are medium-sized, set far apart, and are brown or hazel in color. The breed’s ears are set relatively far back, somewhat low on the skull, and are well in proportion. They hang comparatively close to the dog’s head. The Labrador Retriever’s coat is short-haired, straight, and very dense. They have a soft, weather-resistant, protective undercoat. Coat colors for this breed include black, yellow, and chocolate. A small white patch on the dog’s chest may be present.
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There are two different types of Labradors, English, which are calmer, and stockier (much better for families) and American which are taller and leaner. (Better for hunting) If you are just looking for a family dog, you should go with a good English Lab breeder. Also the Labrador Retriever is the ideal pet to have around children. They are very good with large and small families. On a side note, Silvers Labs are registered as Chocolates and are a diluted gene of chocolate. Red labs are registered as yellow labs.
The Labrador Husky is often thought of as a mixed breed dog but that is not the case. This breed is pure bred. This breed resembles Siberian Huskies as well as many other Nordic breeds. Their round head is covered in plenty of fluffy fur and leads to their long narrow muzzles. Their body is aerodynamic, so they can be extremely quick sled dogs. Fluffy fur covers their large bodies and is double coated to protect them from freezing cold weather. Coat colors vary from white, black, red and white, or black and white.
Labradoodles are a hybrid or a cross breed between standard poodles and Labrador Retrievers. At the current time, Labradoodles are not recognized by the American Kennel Club due to the fact that they are a hybrid breed and not a purebred breed. As a result, this breed cannot be registered with purebred clubs even if the parents are registered and they are first generation Labradoodles rather than second generation Labradoodles.
The Labradoodle tends to be graceful, athletic and compact in build. There are typically three different sizes of Labradoodles, depending upon the size of the parent dogs. The three different sizes are standard, medium and miniature. Miniature Labradoodles are typically produced through a miniature or toy poodle.
There are also several different colors of Labradoodles depending on the color of the parents. Some of the colors available include apricot, gold, off-white, silver, red, chocolate and black. Usually, the coat of a Labradoodle is a solid color, although there may be some that have multi-color coats. There are also two different coat types depending on the way in which the dog takes after its parents. The two different coat types are wood and fleece. A wool coat will not shed and is usually the most hypo-allergenic, which is good for people who suffer from allergies. This type of coat resembles the poodle coat and features tight curls. The fleece coat does shed, but only minimally. This is also an allergy friendly coat that feels soft and features loose curls. A third coat may also appear, but is usually not preferred due to the fact that it is not as allergy friendly. This coat may be short or long and may be curly.
The Kyi‑Leo® dog is a small, solid breed, combining the look of the Lhasa-Apso and the Maltese, from which it was bred. Most Kyi-Leo® are black and white – very rarely they will have a silverish-grey and white coat. The coat is long and thick, either straight or slightly wavy, with a natural part along the spine. The head is covered with long hair, along with a beard and whiskers. The small eyes are dark, the small nose black, the small teeth meet in a scissors bite. This breed is popular because it is not as fragile as the Maltese, and does not have the underbite of the Lhasa.
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There is a small percentage of gold and white parti-colored Kyi-Leo dogs, but 97% are black and white parti-colored.
(Hungarian Kuvasz)The Kuvasz is a massive, muscular, well‑proportioned white sheepdog, with a medium‑boned body, slightly longer than it is tall. The accepted coat color is white – it also comes in ivory but this is not a preferred color. The skin must have a dark pigmentation. The ears are folded over and lie close to the head. The dark-brown eyes are almond‑shaped, and look over a muzzle that tapers slightly to a black nose. Both the lips and interior of the mouth are black. The coat is medium‑length, with either straight or quite wavy hair. The Kuvasz has a recognizable mane around the neck and chest, short hair on the head and feet, and wavy hair on the body and legs. The back of the legs are feathered. The tail is carried low, but is raised when the Kuvasz becomes excited. Dewclaws on the rear legs only should be removed.
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These dogs came from Slovakia as well as Hungary. They have different names depending on which country they are bred in. They are referred to as the Hungarian Kuvasz if they originated from Hungary and the Tchuvatch when originated from Slovakia.