(Kelef K’naani) The Canaan Dog is a medium-sized dog with square proportions. The breed has a strong body with a comparatively deep chest. They have straight limbs and round, cat-like feet with hard pads. Their head is wedge-shaped with a shallow, well-defined stop. Their almond-shaped eyes are dark brown in color and their dark nose is slightly slanted. The teeth of this breed meet in a scissors bite and the ears are pricked, broadly-based, and have a rounded tip. Their tail is bushy and forms a curl over the back. The Canaan Dog has a dense, thick double coat that is ½ to 2 inches in length. It comes in a variety of colors including brown, solid black, white, and a pattern of white with brown or black markings. White trim may exist on the chest, feet, and tip of the dog’s tail.
The breed was not bred but is rather a natural dog free of man made intervention. Rudolphina Menzel was a renowned Austrian cynologist contacted by the Jewish Defence Force to help them find a working dog capable of being productive in the harsh desert climate. Wild dogs were captured in the 1930s for military use as noted, and trained for numerous tasks. The first 4 Canaan Dogs in North America arrived in California in 1965.
Canaan Dogs adapt to their environment. They are very laid back at home and quite content to nap during the day. They are not hyper, high-energy dogs. While being outdoors is not a problem for them in winter or summer, they generally much prefer being inside with their human family. They are definitely a "pack animal" - being left outdoors for long periods of time on their own is not where they should be. Indoors, they are quite independent - they know where their "humans" are, and are quite content to nap in the same room or another room of the house. Canaan Dogs are always up for a good walk or run however, and can keep going as long as their owners care to exercise.
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