The Chihuahua is a very small-sized dog with a proportionately robust build and distinctive facial features. Their body is stout and just longer than it is tall, and they have straight limbs. They have a sickle-shaped tail that curls over the dog’s back or off to one side. They have an apple-shaped head with a short, tapered, pointy muzzle. Their large eyes are round, dark, and can sometimes be ruby or luminously-colored. They have large, triangular-shaped, erect ears that are a distinguishing characteristic of this breed. Chihuahua puppies have a soft spot on the top of their skull that closes as they become adults. There is a long-haired variety of Chihuahua, but the most common variety is the short-haired Chihuahua. Their coat comes in a variety of colors including fawn, sand, chestnut, silver, and steel blue. They may also be black & tan or tri-color.
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Chihuahua’s are often referred to as a ‘chico’ (ch-e-co), The Chihuahua comes in almost an endless amount of colors. They come in white, brindle, chocolate, black and merle. Merle is trying to be bred out because of a gene that causes blindness and deafness. Some Chihuahua’s tails don’t curl. A tail that curves over to one side, or that is curly or kinky or twisted is a sign of an improperly developed spine and can be linked to other health issues. The Molera is a correct breed trait that only sometimes closes. Most Chihuahuas have an open Molera (though smaller is better) for their entire lives. Deer, Micro and Tea Cup Chihuahuas are marketing terms that some breeders use to sell small, improperly or underdeveloped dogs. There is no such thing as a T-cup Chihuahua. Chihuahuas belong to the TOY group. Shaking or trembling is not a normal Chihuahua trait. Shaking is a sign of low blood sugar or anemia and urgent care may be required. They may also shake when nervous or stressed out.
The Chihuahua is also very courageous, lively, proud, affectionate, loyal, intelligent, and enterprising.
The chihuahua can live up to 13 to 15 years on average. They are prone to get stye in their eyes. This breed is also known for epilepsy and seizures. Seizure medication can cost as much as $60 a month. It is very common after they turn 2 years of age in poorly bred Chihuahuas. The smaller a Chihuahua is bred to be, the more health issues the dog might experience. Small Chihuahuas may develop low blood sugar. And need to eat several small meals to sustain their energetic little bodies. They are known to go into sugar shock very quickly and if not quickly treated, can result in death. In extreme cases you can restore the sugar with Nutra Cal (puppy vitamin gel), maple syrup or even Karo Syrup (just a tiny bit can do the trick)
The Chihuahua is prone to Tracheal Collapse and should be harnessed instead of collared if it pulls on the leash an excessive amount.
Chihuahuas don't metabolize adrenaline well and excitement or stress may cause them to tremble. Though it can also be a sign of low blood sugar (especially in puppies), usually calm petting will help most. Careful 'parenting' of a chihuahua will help to form a calm disposition - a quiet environment with confident handling and controlled exposure to stressful environments (especially during month 4) will help minimize excitability and yapping. Chihuahuas should weigh 3-6 lbs. Breeders that aim for smaller size may not be reputable.
The Chihuahua does best with free feeding, especially during puppyhood. A small amount of food should be available at all times. Because of its small size, it can't eat enough food to sustain it all day, especially during puppyhood.. A newborn should stay with its mother until 10 weeks of age.
The early Toltecs of Mexico had similar dogs to the Chihuahua called the Techichi. They were used for reaching the gods and helping the dead pass on to the after life.
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