(Standard Dachshund, Miniature Dachshund, Toy Dachshund, Doxie) The Dachshund is a small hound breed with a long, well-muscled body and stout, short limbs. They possess an intelligent expression and they carry themselves quite proudly. Their body features a protruding sternum and a retracted abdomen. Their head is elongated, their skull is slightly convex, and their long muzzle features a robust set of jaws. Their teeth close in a scissors bite and their oval-shaped eyes are dark in color. They have arched prominent eyebrows and long ears that are mobile and hang toward the cheeks. The breed’s tail is carried in the line of the back. There are three varieties of Dachshund: short-haired, long-haired, and wire-haired. Within each of these varieties, there are three different sizes. The coat of the Dachshund is glossy, sleek, and consistent. It can be solid, bi-color, piebald, speckle-streaked, or harlequin. Solid-colored Dachshunds are tan or yellow, while bi-color Dachshunds are deep black, brown, or gray with chestnut markings.
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They can also have dapple (or spotted) markings that appear in a variety of colors such as blue, black and silver, chocolate, and tan. There can also be double dapples which are a mixture of three colors.
Some are a rare color of solid black known as sable.
Sable is a black overlay usually found on a red or cream coat.
Dachshunds need to be socialized with other dogs from birth. Unsocialized Dachshunds may show signs of aggression when older.
It is recommended to carry Dachshunds up and down stairs in order to avoid future back problems. If allowed on the furniture, they should not be allowed to jump off themselves.
It is not uncommon for double dapple Dachshunds to have hearing and vision problems, deformities, an increased occurrence of urinary problems. This is caused by the mutation of the white gene.
They are very protective of their owners and are very smart. Many will retain a playful streak even as they grow out of puppy hood and they will remain affectionate all of their lives. Dachshunds were originally bred to hunt badgers. Standard Dachshunds are to small to fit in rabbit holes so they bred them into miniature also. They originally had short smooth hair that couldn't protect there skin when hunting. So they were bred into a long haired variation. The longer hair did protect them from cold but could not protect them from thorn bushes. So they were bred into wired haired Dachshunds. The wiry hair could protect them from bushes and animals. There are two kinds of Dachshunds and three different kinds of hair types. The Miniature and Standard Dachshund come in Wired Hair, Long Hair, and Short hair. They are commonly used throughout Scandinavia to hunt all species of deer. They are trained to locate deer, herd them to the hunter and to bark at the deer which alerts the hunter. They are ideal for this task because they are small enough that the deer are not frightened off but only keep a short distance away from the barking dog and slowly move to where the hunter is ready and waiting.
Dachshunds are very obedient dogs and they perform well in showmanship trials, rallies, and other competitions.
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